Shanghai is the most populous city in China and the most populous city in world as well. It is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China, with a population of more than 24 million as of 2014. Shanghai, also popular as Hu, is a renowned international metropolis and a global financial centre and a transport hub with world’s busiest container port. Situated on the estuary of Yangtze River, it serves as the most influential economic, financial, international trade, and cultural center in East China. Due to its economic potential and favorable port location, Shanghai in 19th century emerged as a major administrative, shipping, and trading town and flourished as a center of commerce between China and other parts of the world and became the primary financial hub of the Asia-Pacific region in the 1930.
In addition to its modernization, the city’s multiethnic regions provides it with a unique allure for tourists from all over the world. Shanghai is a perfect blend of Western customs and Chinese traditions making it an attractive city for tourists from all over the world. Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 16 county-level districts between Bund to the east, Nanjing Rd to the north, Old City Temple and Huaihai Road to the south. Prominent central business areas include Lujiazui on the east bank of the Huangpu River, and The Bund and Hongqiao areas in the west bank of the Huangpu River.
POPULATION OF SHANGHAI IN 2017:
Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Shanghai in 2017, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2012 – 23.9 million
- 2013 – 23.97 million
- 2014 – 24.03 million
- 2015 – 24.09 million
- 2016 – 24.15 million
The population of Shanghai in 2017 is estimated to be 24.15 million + 0.06 million = 24.21 million. So, the population of Shanghai in the year 2017 as per estimated data = 24.21 million.
SHANGHAI Population 2017 – 24.21 million(Estimated)
The population of Shanghai is estimated to be 24.15 million in 2016, which actually declined 0.4% year over year. The city ranks first in China and 5th in the world in terms of population, and it has an average population density of 2,059 people per square kilometer, although this number increases to 3,854 people per square kilometer in urban areas. About 9 million out of the 24 million residents of Shanghai, or more than 39%, are long-term migrants, triple the 3 million in 2000. The main origins of the migrants are Anhui (29.0%), Jiangsu (16.8%), Henan (8.7%), and Sichuan (7.0%) provinces, and 79% are from rural areas. They account for the entire population increase as Shanghai’s natural growth rate has been negative since 1993 due to its extremely low fertility rate — just 0.6 in 2010, probably the lowest level anywhere in the world. As of the end of 2014, temporary residential permit and hukou holders in Shanghai numbered 24.3 million. Yet it’s believed that including unregistered migrant workers, the city’s total population is more like 30 million since it is a major centre of attraction in the World. Shanghai’s mayor Yang Xiong announced that that by 2020, Shanghai will see its population capped at 25 million. Mayor Wang Anshun announced that the target of 23 million will be achieved by relocating the downtown population to suburban areas within the next five years.
Specifically, in 2016 approximately 300 companies will be relocated, along with hospitals and wholesale markets. The population of Shanghai in 2014 was 24,256,800 at an increased growth rate of 1.9%, though the population in 2015 was 24,152,700 which shows a slight decrease. The estimated population in 2020 is 27.14 million.
DEMOGRAPHY OF SHANGHAI:
As per statistics, 98.8% of Shanghai’s residents are of the Han Chinese ethnicity, while 1.2% belong to various minority groups. Shanghai also has over 150,000 officially registered foreigners, including approximately 31,500 Japanese, 21,000 Americans, and 20,700 Koreans. These numbers are based on official figures, so the real number of foreign citizens in the city is probably much higher. The life expectancy in Shanghai is almost 10 years higher than Chinese average of 75.15 years. The average life expectancy of a person born in Shanghai is 84.8 years placing it among one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Infant mortality is also much lower in Shanghai as compared to whole of China, in 2011 census it was recorded at 5.97 deaths per 1000. Due to the combination of high life expectancy and low fertility rate, there is a serious aging problem among Shanghai’s registered residents: as of 2009 only 8.3% of the total were under the age of 14, while 22.54% were over 60. Also, Shanghai has a fertility rate of 0.7% which is the lowest in the world. The city still has a lot of demographic problems to overcome. This includes a very low fertility rate, an imbalance in the gender ratio (113 boys: 100 girls) and an increasing age, which may become a burden as the city grows further.
POPULATION DENSITY AND RATE OF GROWTH IN SHANGHAI:
It has been anticipated that Shanghai, along with Beijing, will have a population of more than 50 million by 2050, which is double the current level because of fast-paced urbanization in the region and strong economic growth. Shanghai, the largest city in the country and the world, has a population density of 3,800 people per square kilometer, or 9,900 people per square mile. Multiple measures have been implemented to curb rapid rise in Shanghai’s population. The target is set for below 25 million by 2020, an increase of 740,000 from the current figure. Demographics of Shanghai. The 2010 census put Shanghai’s total population at 23,019,148, a growth of 37.53% from 16,737,734 in 2000. 20.6 million of the total population, or 89.3%, are urban, and 2.5 million (10.7％) are rural. It has a permanent resident population of 23,019,200, of which 12.21 million live in the urban areas. Shanghai population accounts for 1.1% of the Chinese population, with the average density of 2059 inhabitants per square kilometers (3854 in the urban areas). There is a huge floating population of itinerant workers, probably numbering two million. Shanghai’s mayor Yang Xiong announced that that by 2020, Shanghai will see its population capped at 25 million.
FACTS ABOUT SHANGHAI:
1. Originally Shanghai was a small fishing village with little hope of advancing past its swampy origins and now it is the largest city in China and the eighth largest in the world.
2. The longest metro system in the world spreads beneath the city of Shanghai with 365 miles of tunnels and track connecting 364 stations servicing 70 million passengers annually. Shanghai boasts the world’s fastest train.
3. For citizens of the United States, Great Britain, Australia, Canada, et al. Shanghai offers a 144-hour (6 day) Visa-Free option for Shanghai and the neighboring areas of Jiangsu and Zhejiang.
4. Shanghai is the world’s busiest sea port, and is an up-and-coming cruise destination.
5. Shanghai literal meaning is ‘on top of the sea’ and is also called as the Pearl of the Orient and Paris of the East.