Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. Brazil is world’s fifth-largest country by both area and population and also the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language.The Amazon River flows through Brazil, it is the 2nd longest river in the world (after the Nile).Around 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is located in Brazil.
The great Amazon River flows through it, its basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources. The unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries in the world. Brazil’s economy is the world’s ninth-largest by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by GDP (PPP) as of 2015. In 2015 Brazil was one of the fast growing economies in the world. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, CPLP, and the Latin Union. One of the world’s major breadbaskets, Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years.
POPULATION OF BRAZIL IN 2017:
Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Brazil in 2017, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2012 – 198.7 million
- 2013 – 200.4 million
- 2014 – 202.78 million
- 2015 – 207.84 million
- 2016 – 209.39 million
BRAZIL Population 2017 – 210.746 million(Estimated)
The current population of Brazil is 209,391,872 as of 2016, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Brazil population is equivalent to 2.83% of the total world population. Brazil ranks number 5 in the list of countries by population. The estimated population of Brazil in 2017 is 210 746 573.
The first official census in Brazil took place in 1872. From that year, every 10 years the population is counted Population distribution in Brazil is very uneven. The majority of Brazilians live within 300 kilometers of the coast, while the interior in the Amazon Basin is almost empty. Therefore, the densely populated areas are on the coast and the sparsely populated areas are in the interior. Brazil’s rapid fertility decline since the 1960s is the main factor behind the country’s slowing population growth rate, aging population, and fast-paced demographic transition. Brasilia has not taken full advantage of its large working-age population to develop its human capital and strengthen its social and economic institutions but is funding a study abroad program to bring advanced skills back to the country.
During 2016 Brazil population is projected to increase by 1 900 499 people and reach 210 746 573 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 1 896 322. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 4 177 due to the migration reasons. Brazil has traditionally been a net recipient of immigrants, with its southeast being the prime destination. After the importation of African slaves was outlawed in the mid-19th century, Brazil sought Europeans (Italians, Portuguese, Spaniards, and Germans) and later Asians (Japanese) to work in agriculture, especially coffee cultivation. Recent immigrants come mainly from Argentina, Chile, and Andean countries (many are unskilled illegal migrants) or are returning Brazilian nationals.
It means that the number of people who move into Brazil (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).
As per 2015, the population of Major cities of Brazil was as follow- Sao Paulo 21.066 million; Rio de Janeiro 12.902 million; Belo Horizonte 5.716 million; BRASILIA (capital) 4.155 million; Fortaleza 3.88 million; Recife 3.739 million.
DEMOGRAPHY OF BRAZIL:
Brazil is a multi-religion Nation with the distribution of population as – Roman Catholic 64.6%, other Catholic 0.4%, Protestant 22.2% (includes Adventist 6.5%, Assembly of God 2.0%, Christian Congregation of Brazil 1.2%, Universal Kingdom of God 1.0%, other Protestant 11.5%), other Christian 0.7%, Spiritist 2.2%, other 1.4%, none 8%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
As per a report of 2016, the Age structure and population distribution are as below:
0-14 years: 22.79% (male 23,905,185/female 22,994,222)
15-24 years: 16.43% (male 17,146,060/female 16,661,163)
25-54 years: 43.84% (male 44,750,568/female 45,489,430)
55-64 years: 8.89% (male 8,637,011/female 9,656,370)
65 years and over: 8.06% (male 7,059,944/female 9,523,712)
Birth rate 14.3 births/1,000 population
Death rate 6.6 deaths/1,000 population
Life expectancy at birth total population: 73.8 years
Total fertility rate 1.76 children born/woman.
More than half of Brazil’s population is considered middle class, but poverty and income inequality levels remain high. Disparities in opportunities foster social exclusion and contribute to Brazil’s high crime rate, particularly violent crime in cities and favelas.
POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH RATE IN BRAZIL:
Brazil population density is 24.5 people per square kilometer as of November 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Brazil divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Brazil. The total area of Brazil is 8 514 880 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division.
Population growth rate: 0.75% as per a survey conducted in 2016.
Population growth in Brazil was last measured at 0.89% in 2014, according to a survey by World Bank.
The total land area is 8,349,320 Km2 (3,223,689 sq. miles) and so the overall population density accounts for 24.5 people per square kilometer.
FACTS ABOUT BRAZIL:
1. The name Brazil comes from a tree named brazil wood and It is called Brasil in Portuguese, the official language spoken in Brazil.
2. Portugal claimed the land of Brazil in the year 1500 and Independence was declared in 1822. Brazil is the only country in South America that speaks Portuguese.
3. Brazil shares a border with all South American countries except for Chile and Ecuador.
4. There are around 2500 airports in Brazil. In Brazil they drive on the right-hand side of the road.
5. Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Brazil with the national team consistently among the best in the world, winning the World Cup a record 5 times.
6. Brazil covers three time zones.