China, officially the People’s Republic of China is world’s most populous Sovereign Nation in East Asia. The massive landscape of China consists of all kinds of natural beauties from grasslands, deserts, mountains, lakes, rivers to a 14,000 km stretched coastline. The state is governed by the Communist party of India based in the capital state, Beijing. The capital Beijing is a perfect blend of modern architecture and historic locates as The Forbidden city and The Tiananmen square. The country also houses one of the Seven Wonders of the World, The Great Wall of China.
The state has special administrative powers over two self-governing regions of Hong Kong and Macau and also claims sovereignty over Taiwan. China is world’s second largest nation by area with Shanghai as the largest city. The socialist economy of China is world’s second largest in terms of Nominal GDP. In 2015, China was rated as world’s fastest growing economy and the largest exporter of goods. Han Chinese is the major racial group in China, making it almost 91%of the total population with Hanyu, standard Chinese as the major language spoken by 99% of the population.
POPULATION OF CHINA IN 2017:
Talking about population, in order to check out the population of China in 2017, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2012 – 1.35 billion
- 2013 – 1.357 billion
- 2014 – 1.365 billion
- 2015 – 1.373 billion
- 2016 – 1.381 billion
The population of China in 2017 is estimated to be 1.381 billion + 0.007 billion = 1.388 billion. So, the population of China in the year 2017 as per estimated data = 1.388 billion.
CHINA Population 2017 – 1.388 billion(Estimated)
The current population of China is over 1.381 billion that is around 18.5% of total world’s population. China’s population growth rate is only 0.47% ranked 159th in the world. China had a gravel population history which was shaken by wars, famines and disasters. Five of the nine most deadly wars took place in China killing 123 million people. Rapid growth in China’s population in the second half of the 20th century led to population controls notably the one child policy. The impact of the policy were controversial though, yet it led to slow in the process of population growth. The population slowed down by the policy in effect since 1979. Based on current statistics China’s population is likely to stabilize mid-way through 21st century and may then begin to fall. In 2011, there was a sharp increase in urban population and also an increase in the average age and life expectancy rate making it a matter of concern the increasing cost of providing for the elderly. There is also a serious gender imbalance. As per a survey of 2000, there were only 100 girls against 119 boys and among floating population the ratio was as high a 128: 100. This made government to put a ban on female fetus abortion in 2004. This ratio is expected to rise till 20130 by 20% and then fall. The above population figures quoted however does not include the island of Taiwan which PRC has a claim over and also the British colonies of Hong Kong and Portuguese colonies of Macau. As of January 1, 2016, the population of China was estimated to be 1.381 billion which was an increase of 0.53% compared to the population of 1367820000 a year before. This increase in 2015 was expected because the number of births exceeded the number of deaths. The expected population in 2017 is 1388320000.
DEMOGRAPHY OF CHINA:
The demographics of China are identified by a large population with a relatively small youth division.
The total population is divided among different age groups as per-
0-14 years- 17.2%
15-64 years- 73.4%
Above 65 years 9.5%
The birth rate is 12.37births per 1000 and the mortality rate is 7.16 deaths per 1000.
The life expectancy rate has increased upto 75 years.
China is classified as an upper middle-income country by the World Bank. About 10% of the population in the country lives on $1 USD a day. Officially, 56 different ethnic groups have been identified in China with 91% of Chinese are Han Chinese. China is majorly an atheist state, yet its civilizations has been influenced by various religious groups. About 3% of the population is Islamic and 5% about Christians, Buddhism is practiced by 18% of the population and 30% practice local folk religions.
POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH RATE:
Overall, China has an estimated population density of 145 people per square kilometer or 375 people per square mile which positions it at 81th rank in the world. Shanghai, the largest city in the country and the world, has a population density of 3,800 people per square kilometer, or 9,900 people per square mile. Hong Kong is the 8th most densely populated city in the world, with 68,400 people per square mile. Macau follows behind as the 9th most densely populated, with a density of 65,400 people per square mile.
A few of China’s cities make the list of the top 30 most densely populated cities in the world, although most on the list are in India, the Philippines, France and other countries. Hong Kong is the 8th most densely populated city in the world, with 68,400 people per square mile. Macau follows behind as the 9th most densely populated, with a density of 65,400 people per square mile. Macau tops the list of sovereign states and dependent territories in terms of population density. Despite this tightly packed area, it still has the second highest life expectancy in the world and remains one of the few areas in Asia to receive a “very high Human Development Index” ranking. A major portion of China’s economic growth rate has been credited to its abundant and cheap workforce, combined with its low social costs. But with the decrease in the youth population and a sharp rise in elderly population makes it doubtful whether China’s economy can continue to grow at the same rapid rate.
China also has an abnormal ratio of male to female births. Whereas in most countries more girls are born than boys, in China the reverse is true. Many suspect that this is because of a preference for boys among Chinese families. The present population growth rate of China is only 0.47% ranked 159th in the world.
FACTS ABOUT CHINA:
1. In China, every year is represented by one of 12 animals with Chinese New Year celebration lasting for 15 days.
2. The Forbidden City, a palace complex in Beijing, contains about 9,000 rooms. The mortar used to bind the Great Wall’s stones was made with sticky rice.
3. If put together, all of the China’s railways lines could loop around earth twice.
4. China is about the same size as the continental USA but it only has one official time zone. Continental USA has four.