Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the world’s most populated cities. The city is a small-scale version of the entire country, with diverse religious and ethnic communities. Its name was romanised as Dacca until the current spelling was adopted in 1983.It is the largest city in the Bengal region and also a major city of South Asia and among the OIC states.
The old city of Dhaka was the Mughal capital of Bengal and the city’s name was Jahangir Nagar in the 17th century. It was a cosmopolitan commercial center and the hub of the worldwide muslin and silk trade. In 1947, after the Partition of British India, it became the administrative capital of the eastern wing of Pakistan and in the capital of an independent Bangladesh in 1971.
Dhaka is home to thousands of Bangladeshi businesses and the offices of many international corporations. The Dhaka Stock Exchange is one of the largest in South Asia in terms of trading volume and market capitalization. The city has the largest number of cycle rickshaws and is known as the Rickshaw Capital of the World. Dhaka’s highly popular cuisine features distinctive biryanis, kebabs and bakarkhanis as a legacy of its rule by the Mughals and the Nawabs of Dhaka.
POPULATION OF DHAKA IN 2017:
Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Dhaka in 2017, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2012 – 14 million
- 2013 – 14.8 million
- 2014 – 15.9 million
- 2015 – 17 million
- 2016 – 18 million
DHAKA Population 2017 – 19 million(Estimated)
Dhaka is the most populated city in Bangladesh, and it is also one of the most populated cities in the world. The Greater Dhaka Area has a population of over 18 million as of 2016, while the city itself has a population estimated at about 8.5 million. In 1950, the population of Dhaka was 336,000. Dhaka has grown by 639,000 in the last year, which represents a 3.60% change. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a density of 23,234 people per square kilometer within a total area of 300 square kilometers. The estimated population of Dhaka in 2017 is 19 million.
The population is growing at a startling rate. By 2050, there will be almost 10 billion people on the planet and the majority of the world’s megacities will be in Asia.
Based on population growth models, the Global Cities Institute at the University of Toronto projects that Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, will be the third most populous city in 2050 with about 35.2 million residents.
The current population of the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh is estimated to be about 7,001,000, which is about equal to the last record of the population. Dhaka is actually the capital city of Bangladesh and is considered to be one of the major cities of all of South Asia. The city is the 9th largest city in the entire world. According to the Far Eastern Economic Review, Dhaka will be home to 25 million people by the end of 2025.
The city has shown population growth of about 4.2% annually.
DEMOGRAPHY OF BANGLADESH:
The continuing growth reflects ongoing migration from rural areas to the Dhaka urban region, which accounted for 60% of the city’s growth in the 1960s and 1970s not only this a major reason for, the city’s growing population is the expansion of city boundaries, a process that added more than a million people to the city in the 1980s.
Dhaka has a large population of European, Chinese, Korean, Indian, Pakistani, Nepali, Burmese and Sri Lankan expatriates working in executive jobs in different industries. Bengali, the national language, is spoken by the predominant majority population of Dhaka. English is the principal second language and is used education. There is a minority Urdu-speaking population from India and Pakistan. Dhaka is also home to over 300,000 Bihari refugees, who seeked refuge in East Pakistan.
Islam is the dominant religion of the city, with 90% of the population being Muslim, and a majority belonging to the Sunni sect. There is also a small Shia sect, and an Ahmadiya community. Hinduism is the second-largest religion and comprises 7% of the population. Smaller segments practice Christianity and Buddhism.
The average life expectancy is 70.4 years according to 2016 data from the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH RATE IN BANGLADESH:
The population density of Dhaka is about 50,001 people per square mile. The population is growing by an estimated 4.2% per year, one of the highest rates amongst the Asian cities
Migration from rural areas of the country to urban Dhaka is a strong contributor to the population growth. This rural migration accounted for 60% population growth throughout the 1960s and 1970s. While this growth has slowed down and the estimates for 2020 population stand at almost 21 million, while 2030 may see as many as 27.3 million residents. The estimated growth rate till 2020 is 15.10% and the population will stand at 20,989,000 and 15.90% for 2025 and population at 24,331,000.
FACTS ABOUT DHAKA:
1. Before 1983, the city was wrongly spelled as Dacca and got the correct spelling after that only.
2. Dhaka is the trade center of silk and muslin in the world and is considered is one of the primary cities in South Asia and the largest city in Bengal.
3. In Bengal, Dhaka was called as the City of Mosques because the city was decorated by the Mughals with the forts, palaces, mosques, tombs and gardens.
4. Dhaka earns a nickname as the Rickshaw Capital of the world due to the largest number of rickshaws in the city.
5. Dhaka was called as one of the richest cities in the world during the medieval period . More than 50 percent of the Mughal GDP was generated from the economy of the old city of Dhaka.