Beijing, capital of the People’s Republic of China and is also one of the world’s most populous capital cities. The city, located in northern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing is China’s political, cultural, and educational center and home to the headquarters of most of China’s largest state-owned companies.
The Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic with city’s subway network is among the longest and busiest in the world. Beijing has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites – the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, as well as parts of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal. Beijing hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics and was chosen to host the 2022 Winter Olympics, which will make it the first city to ever host both events. It is one of the six ancient cities in China, Beijing because of its unique culture and traditions has become one of the most popular travel destinations in the world, with about 140 million Chinese tourists and 4.4 million international visitors in a year.
POPULATION OF BEIJING IN 2017:
Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Beijing in 2017, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2012 – 19.92 billion
- 2013 – 20.36 billion
- 2014 – 20.85 billion
- 2015 – 21.26 billion
- 2016 – 21.7 billion
The population of Beijing in 2017 is estimated to be 21.7 billion + 0.418 billion = 22.118 billion. So, the population of Beijing in the year 2017 as per estimated data = 22.118 billion.
BEIJING Population 2017 – 22.118 billion(Estimated)
According to a 2010 census the population of Beijing was 19,612,368 and the population at the beginning of 2016 was estimated at 21.7 million.
Along with the population of China, the population of Beijing has also been growing at rapid speed. In the 10 years between the 2000 and 2010 censuses, the population growth rate in the city was 44% – from 13,569,194 in 2000 to 19,612,368 in 2010. Although this last ten years has seen the most rapid growth in the city’s modern history, the city has been consistently growing at a fast pace – the average growth rate since the 1960s has been around 20% per decade. Even today, the rate of growth is increasing. Although there are no official estimates of the population of Beijing in 2016, unofficial estimates put the population at over 21 million. The country’s Five-Year Plan, which began in 2016, is expected to keep the population under 23 million by 2020. Some experts believe that in 2050 there will be more than 50 million people living in Beijing. The estimated population as per the growth trends of the same has been estimated at 24 million in 2020. In China, the city ranked second in urban population after Shanghai and the third in municipal population after Shanghai and Chongqing. In 2015, Beijing had 21.7 million permanent residents. Beijing aims to limit its population within 22 million in 2016 and cap the population of Beijing at 23 million by 2020. Beijing was the first city in the modern era to cross the population limit of more than 1 million in 1775. Beijing is a major tourist attraction which leads to a lure for a lot of foreign population settling in the city so the rapid economic expansion also meant that the number of foreigners living in the city is also increasing remarkably, approximately 200,000 South Koreans, although there are no accurate statistics available on their populations.
DEMOGRAPHY OF BEIJING:
The major ethnic group in Beijing is in proportion to the other part of the country that is Han Chinese. According to the 2010 census, 95.69% of Beijing’s residents were Han Chinese and the remaining 4.31%, the two largest groups are the Manchu -1.84% and the Hui -1.74%. In addition, there were 8,045 Hong Kong residents, 500 Macau residents, and 7,772 Taiwan residents along with 91,128 registered foreigners living in Beijing. The city’s economy is growing by around 8-10% per year and is the power house of Chinese economy and contributes a major portion to country’s GDP.
Improved healthcare led to increase in life expectancy rate which is highest in the country. Figures indicate that the average life expectancy is 81.12 years – that breaks down as a male life expectancy of 79.16 years and a female life expectancy of 83.17.
As per a 2013 census the birth rate in Beijing was 8.93 per 1000 and the mortality rate was 4.52 per 1000.The gender balance was 51.6% males and 48.4% females and the population dropped from 9.96% to 9.5% in 2013 and residents over the age of 65 declined from 11.12% to 9.2%.
POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH RATE:
The population density of Beijing is estimated at 1300 per square kilometer which puts in on 4th position in the country with this density. The population increased in 2013 by 455,000 or about 7% from the previous year and continued a decade-long trend of rapid growth. The total population in 2004 was 14.213 million. The population gains are driven largely by migration. The population’s rate of natural increase in 2013 was a mere 0.441%, based on a birth rate of 8.93 and a mortality rate of 4.52.The gender balance was 51.6% males and 48.4% females. The population growth rate at 0.9% in 2015 was lowest as compared to a growth rate of 2.9% in 2010. So, the city sees a decreasing trend for population growth due to heavy pollution and traffic congestion.
FACTS ABOUT BEIJING:
- Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China. Bei means northern, and jing means capital. Beijing literally means the north capital.
- Beijing is considered to be the bicycle capital of the world because there are a lot of parking lots dedicated to bikes alone.
- Beijing is home to The Forbidden City which is the largest palace in the world with 800 rooms.
- The most popular surname in Beijing is Wang, with an impressive 11% holding the name.
- China’s official language, Mandarin, is mostly based on the Beijing dialect. The official point of view is that both proper pronunciation in pǔtōnghuà (standard Chinese) and guóyǔ (Mandarin Chinese) is based on the Beijing dialect and accent.
- Beijing was the first postindustrial city in mainland China and is home to 41 Fortune Global 500 companies.