Saint Petersburg is Russia’s second-largest city after Moscow, with a population over Five million. Situated on the Neva River it is an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27, 1703. In 1914, the name of this federal city was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd, in 1924 to Leningrad , and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg., Saint Petersburg also served as the imperial capital of Russia from 1713–1728 and 1732–1918.
Saint Petersburg being the most Westernized city of Russia serves as the cultural capital of the country. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to The Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world. It headquarters a large number of foreign consulates, international corporations, banks, and businesses. Spreading across the Neva River delta, St. Petersburg offers enough art, nightlife, fine dining and cultural destinations to attract tourists from all across.
POPULATION OF SAINT PETERSBURG IN 2017:
Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Saint Petersburg in 2017, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2012 – 4.991 million
- 2013 – 5.1 million
- 2014 – 5.15 million
- 2015 – 5.2 million
- 2016 – 5.22 million
SAINT PETERSBURG Population 2017 – 5.25 million(Estimated)
The population of the city went dramatic changes in the 20th Century. As a consequence of Russian revolution in 1917 and Russian Civil war the population of Saint Petersburg dropped from 2.4 million in 1916 to 740,000 in 1920.
The minorities of Germans, Poles, Finns, Estonians and Latvians migrated from the place.
During the Siege of Leningrad from 1941 to 1943, a huge population died in battle or starved to death resulting in a fall in population from 3 million to 600,000.After the siege, some of the evacuees returned, and large scale migration took place from other parts of the Soviet Union. The city absorbed about 3 million people in the 1950s and grew to over 5 million in the 1980s. From 1991 to 2006 the city’s population decreased to 4.6 million. Based on the 2010 census results the current population is over 4.8 million.
As of 2015, the population of the city was 5.2 million and the population in 2016 is 5,225,690.
DEMOGRAPHY OF SAINT PETERSBURG:
The 2010 Census recorded the ethnic composition as follows: Russian 80.1%, Ukrainian 1.3%, Belarusians 0.8%, Tatar 0.6%, Armenian 0.6%, Jewish 0.5%, Uzbek 0.4%, Tajik 0.3%, Azeri 0.3%, Georgian 0.2%, Moldovan 0.2%, Finns 0.1%, other – 1.3%. The ethnicity of the remaining 13.4% of the inhabitants was not specified.
As per a 2015 survey, the statistics for the city were:
Births: 70 725 (13.6 per 1000)
Deaths: 62 013 (11.9 per 1000)
And the fertility rate stood at 1.59
The birth rate remains lower than the death rate; people over 65 constitute more than twenty percent of the population; and the median age is about 40 years. Russia is the most widely spoken and official language of the city with English as the second most spoken language. As large as 75% of total city’s population practice Russian orthodoxy as their religion.
People in urban Saint Petersburg live mostly in apartments. Between 1918 and the 1990s, the Soviets nationalized housing and forced residents to share communal apartments with 68% living in these shared flats. While economic and social activity is concentrated in the historic city center, the richest part of Saint Petersburg, most people live in commuter areas.
POPULATION DENSITY AND RATE OF GROWTH IN SAINT PETERSBURG:
Saint Petersburg is the largest city in the northwest region and second largest in Russia covering a total area of 1.439 km2. The population density of the city is 3.3915 per square kilometers. The population growth is mainly due to increase in immigration. The number of migrants in the city has increased to 800,000 which constitute people from Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
FACTS ABOUT SAINT PETERSBURG:
1. St. Petersburg is one of the three out of the 89 regions of Russia where the unemployment allowance has been paid of duly and in the full scope.
2. The city has important nicknames like “The Venice of the North”, “The Palmyra of the North” and “The Northern Capital of Russia”. One of nicknames of St. Petersburg is the Northern Venice. Internal waters occupy about ten per cent of its territory.
3. Saint Petersburg has one of the deepest metros in the world. On an average the stations are situated 60- 70 meters below the ground.
4. The city has 90 rivers and canals with a total length of 300 km. there are 101 islands the Neva river and also a 170 kilometers stretched coastline.
5. The city has 800 bridges, this number is more than any other its in Europe.
6. The city celebrates more than 100 cultural and art festivals every year out of which more than 50 are international ones.
7. The city is the youngest city to become a part of UNESCO’s world Heritage Site.