Mexico also known as the United Mexican States is a federal republic in the southern half of North America. Mexico is the sixth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. The federation of Mexico comprises 31 states and a federal district that is also its capital and most populous city. Other metropolises include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.
In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain. Three centuries later, this territory became Mexico following recognition in 1821 after the colony’s Mexican War of Independence. Then the tumultuous Mexican–American War (1846–48) led to the territorial cession of the extensive northern borderlands, one-third of its territory, to the United States.
Mexico is often identified as an emerging global power with fifteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In 2015 it was the 9th most visited country in the world, with 32.1 million international arrivals.
POPULATION OF MEXICO COUNTRY IN 2017:
Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Mexico Country in 2017, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2012 – 120.8 million
- 2013 – 122.3 million
- 2014 – 123.16 million
- 2015 – 126.2 million
- 2016 – 127.92 million
MEXICO COUNTRY Population 2017 – 129.67 million(Estimated)
As of 1 January 2016, the population of Mexico was estimated to be 127 927 966. This is an increase of 1.37 % (1 726 437 people) compared to population of 126 201 529 the year before. Due to external migration, the population declined by 107 271.
During 2016 Mexico population is projected to increase by 1 750 055 people and reach 129 678 021 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 1 858 793. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 108 739 due to the migration. . The country’s population has seen a steady growth in the twentieth century. In the past half a decade, the population growth has stalled, registering less than a 1% annual population growth rate. The reason being low fertility rate, noted as the number of children a woman has in her lifetime, has drastically dropped through the years to be at an all-time low for the country.
A total of 78.84% people in Mexico reside in urban areas leaving a mere 21.16% to live in the rural areas of Mexico.
According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mexico population in 2016 will be the following:
6 761 live births average per day
1 668 deaths average per day
-298 emigrants average per day
If Mexico’s population keep growing at the same pace it will soon overtake the population of Japan. When this happens, Mexico will be among the ten most populous countries in the world. As of July 2012, Mexico became the 11th most populous nation in the world. It retains that rank with an estimated 121,736,809 million people in 2016. Because of this, Mexico also has the highest population for a Spanish speaking nation. Better medication and vaccines that reduce the chances of death and increase the birth rate are the primary reason for the steady and positive growth rate of population. The capital city, Mexico City, has a population of 21.2 million people that makes it the most populous metropolitan town in the Western Hemisphere.
DEMOGRAPHICS OF MEXICO COUNTRY:
The population of Mexico currently is 121.7 million. Females account for 50.7% of the population, while males account for 49.3% of the total population. The majority of people migrate from Mexico to the United States to provide labor for the North American country.
The country’s birth rate for 2016 is 19.02 births/1,000 population.
The death rate is 5.24 deaths/1,000 population.
Almost all of the Mexican population speaks Spanish, 99.3% and the other ethnic languages with most speakers are Nahuatl, spoken by approximately 1.45 million people, Yukatek Maya spoken by some 750,000 people and the Mixtec and Zapotec languages each spoken by more than 400,000 people.Mexico officially recognizes 68 linguistic groups and some 364 different specific varieties of indigenous languages.
English is the most common foreign language in Mexico
After Americans the largest immigrant groups are Guatemalans, Spaniards and Colombians. Besides the Spanish, large immigrant-descended groups are the French, Germans, Lebanese and Chinese.
As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimates Mexico had the following population age distribution:
28.2 % population under 15 years of age
65.2% population between 15 and 64 years of age.
6.6% population above 64 years of age.
The total dependency ratio of population in Mexico is 53.4 %.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mexico is 76.5 years.
According to our estimates 94.4% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mexico are able to read and write.
MEXICO POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH RATE:
Mexico covers an area of 1,972,550 square kilometers, making the country’s population density about 65.1 people per square kilometer.
The population of Mexico is on the rise. However, statistics over the last five years indicate that the annual growth rate is really lower than 1%. This trend means that the population will rise slowly over the years. The population’s slow growth has been attributed to a number of factors. Most common is the fertility rate of Mexican women. Another major factor for slow growth is the high flow of human labor from Mexico to the United States. But at the same time a higher birth rate compared to the death rate means that the population will increase over the years. Between 2005 and 2010, the Mexican population grew at an average of 1.70% per year, up from 1.16% per year between 2000 and 2005. With this growth rate Mexico will soon eclipse Japan’s to become the tenth most populous place on earth.
FACTS ABOUT MEXICO:
1. Mexico introduced chocolate, chilies and corn to the world.
2. The National University of Mexico is the oldest university in North America.
3. Mexico is located in the “Ring of Fire” that means it comes under one of the world’s most violent earthquake and volcano zones.
4. Mexico City is slowly sinking due to the fact that that it was built on a lake, it is sinking 15-20cm a year.
5. Mexico has now 32 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, which is more than any other country in the Americas. It has over 29,000 archaeological sites to date and still counting.
6. Spanish conquerors introduced bullfighting to Mexico which is now the most popular sport there.
7. The Mexican flag is made up of three vertical stripes – The left green stripe stands for hope, the middle white stripe represents purity and unity, and the right red stripe represents the blood of the nation’s heroes.